26
Feb
09

REVOLUSI PRANCIS & REVOLUSI INDUSTRI SERTA KONSEKWENSINYA

 

 

Bidang Politik

 

1770__________________________________________________

          Perang Kemerdekaan Amerika,                                         1775 – 1783

          Revolusi Prancis dimulai                                                  1789

          Prancis mendeklarasikan sebuah Republik                        1792

          Deklarasi Pillnitz                                                              1792

          Kekuasaan Pemerintahan Tenor                                        1793 – 1794

          Perjanjian Campo Formio                                                1797

          Napoleon, konsul pertama Prancis                                   1799

 

1800__________________________________________________

          Perjanjian Luneville                                                          1801

          Napoleon mendeklarasikan diri Konsul pertama

                   seumur hidup                                                         1802

          Napoleon menobatkan diri sebagai kaisar Prancis              1804

          Sistem kontinental dibuat                                                 1806

          Reformasi Hardenberg dan Stein, Prussia                         1808

          Invasi Napoleon ke Rusia                                                1812

          Konggres Wina                                                               1814 – 1815

          Pertempuran Waterloo                                                     1815

          “Peterloo Massacre”, Inggris                                           1819

          Kongres Verona                                                              1822

          Doktrin Monroe                                                              1823

         

1825__________________________________________________

          Pemberontakan “Decembrist”, Rusia                                1825

          Kemerdekaan yunani                                                        1829

          Revolusi di Prancis                                                          1830

          “Italy Muda”                                                                   1831

          Reform Bill, Inggris                                                         1832

          Perbudakan dihapuskan, koloni-koloni Inggris                  1833

          Poor Law Reform, Inggris                                               1834

          Gerakan Chartist, Inggris                                                 1838 – 1848

          Corn Laws dicabut, Inggris                                              1846

          Revolusi di Eropa                                                            1848

          Karl Marx, COMMUNIST MANIFESTO                         1848

          Republik kedua, Prancis                                                  1848

Majelis Frankfurt, Jerman                                                 1848 – 1849

Kekuasaan Louis Napoleon                                              1851 -1870

 

1850__________________________________________________

          Perang Krim (Crimean War)                                             1854 – 1856

          Penyatuan Italia                                                               1858 – 1866

          Perang Saudara, Amerika Serikat                                      1861 – 1865

          Otto von Bismarck naik ke tampuk kekuasaan                   1862

          First International                                                            1864

          Parlementer Reform Bill, Inggris                                       1867

          Franco-Prussian War                                                       1870

         

 

Sains dan Industri

 

1770__________________________________________________

          Mesin Uap James Watt                                                    1763

          Spinning jenny dipatenkan                                                1770

          Awal dari sistem pabrik                                                   1780-an

          Lavoisier menemukan indestruktibilitas materi                   1789

          Mesin pemisah biji kapas ditemukan                                 1793

          Edward Jenner mengembangkan vaksin cacar                   1796

         

1800__________________________________________________

          Louis Pasteur                                                                  1822 – 1825

 

1825__________________________________________________

          Rel Kereta api pertama , Inggris                                       1825

          Great Exhibition, London                                                1851

          Penemuan mesin jahit                                                       1850-an

 

1850__________________________________________________

          Penemuan Proses Bessemer                                             1856

Charles darwin, ORIGIN OF SPECIES                           1859

Terusan Suez dibuka                                                        1869

Union Pacific Railroad, Amerika Serikat                           1869

 

Ekonomi dan Masyarakat

 

1770_________________________________________________

          Jean-Jacques Rousseau, THE SOCIAL CONTRACT       1762

          Adam Smith, WEALTH OF NATIONS                            1776 

          Jeremy Bentham, THE PRINCIPLES OF    

MORALS & LEGISLATION                                 1789

          Utilitarianisme                                                                  1790 – 1870

          Tom Paine, THE RIGHTS OF MAN                               1791 – 1792

          Thomas Malthus, AN ESSAY ON THE PRINCIPLE

OF POPULATION                                                         1798

Louis Blanc                                                                     1811 – 1882

Berdirinya Prussian Zollverein                                          1818

 

1825__________________________________________________

Friedrich Engels, THE CONDITION OF

THE WORKING CLASS                                       1844

John Stuart Mill, PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL

 ECONOMY                                                          1848

 

1850__________________________________________________

          Emansipasi Budak (Pengolah Tanah), Rusia                     1861

          Karl Marx, CAPITAL                                                      1867

 

 

Seni & Literatur

 

1770__________________________________________________

          Ludwig van Beethoven                                                    1770 – 1827

          Immanuel Kant, CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON            1781

          Johann Von Goethe, FAUST                                           1790-1808

          Romantic moment                                                           1790-1850

          William Wordsworth, LYRICAL BALLADS                     1798

 

1880__________________________________________________

          G.W.Hegel, PHENOMENOLOGY OF THE SPIRIT       1807

          J.G.Fichte, ADDRESSES TO THE GERMAN NATION  1808

          Francisco Goya, THE EXECUTIONS OF THE THIRD

OF MAY                                                               1814

1825__________________________________________________

          Honore de Balzac, THE HUMAN COMEDY                  1829-1841

          Eugene Delacroix, LIBERTY LEADING THE PEOPLE  1830

          Realiseme dalam literature dan seni                                   1840-1870

          Persaudaraan Pra-Raphaelite dibentuk                              1848

 

1850__________________________________________________

          Guiseppe Verdi, IL TROVATORE                                   1853

          Richard Wagner, THE RING OF THE NIBELUNG        1854-1874

          Charles Dickens, HARD TIMES                                      1854

          Gustave Flaubert, MADAME BOVARY                            1857

          Leo Tolstoy, WAR AND PEACE                                     1866-1869

          Paus Pius IX, SYLLABUS OF ERRORS                          1869 

 

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